Climate change is expected to affect every country in the world, but its impact will not be felt equally across all regions and some will be worse hit than others because of a range of different threats. Developing countries, places with widespread poverty, and countries with ineffective governments sometimes face the gravest risks from the changing climate, and are usually poorly equipped to find ways to prepare for and prevent environmental threats. That said, here are the top five worst affected nations, curated by experts from casino online Australia.
1,623,505,000 (tons of CO2 equivalent)
Indonesia is the world’s fourth-largest producer of coal and Southeast Asia’s biggest gas supplier. It is also the largest producer of biofuels worldwide. Carbon Brief, a British website focused on climate policy, reported that deforestation and “peatland megafires” play a significant part in Indonesia’s emissions. IEA data shows that Indonesia emitted 583.41 Mt of CO2 in 2019—a more than three-fold rise on 1990 levels. Indonesia has signed a COP26 agreement to end and reverse its deforestation by 2030.
1,919,572,000 (tons of CO2 equivalent)
India is responsible for 6.84 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, according to a recent Financial Times analysis, with 80 percent of its electricity generated by fossil fuels. Data from IEA, shows that India emitted 2310 Mt of CO2 in 2019—a 335 percent rise on 1990 levels. Climate Action Tracker rates India’s climate targets and policies as “highly insufficient” insisting the country needs to “curb its expected growth in emissions from its dependency on fossil fuels.”
2,106,040,000 (tons of CO2 equivalent)
Russia’s total greenhouse gas emissions have dropped since 1990, but are estimated to represent 4.07 percent of the global total. Climate Action Tracker rates Russia’s climate targets, policies and finance as “critically insufficient”. Its analysts warn: “Under current policies, Russia’s economy-wide emissions are expected to either flatline or continue rising to 2030, when they should be rapidly declining, especially for such a large emitter.”
6,906,367,000 (tons of CO2 equivalent)
The U.S., where there are several online casino operating offshore, is thought to contribute more than 10 percent of global carbon emissions. On average, each American is responsible for 15 tonnes a year, more than double the footprint of the average Chinese citizen. President Joe Biden has pledged to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions by at least half from 2005 levels by 2030. He is also cracking down on methane pollution which, according to the FT, accounts for about 10 percent of man-made greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S. “but has more than 80 times the warming potential of carbon dioxide over a 20-year period.” IEA data shows the States emitted 4,744 Mt of CO2 in 2019—down 1 percent on 1990.
In 2008 China officially became the world’s largest emitter of C02 (greenhouse gases), largely driven by its ever increasing demand for energy most of which is met by producing electricity from coal fired power stations. A large part of China’s carbon footprint is the construction industry. In most cities they are tearing down the old slums and replacing them with modern high rise apartment blocks. As increasingly wealthy Chinese families move into them their energy consumption rises as they purchase TV’s, fridge’s, freezers, etc all of which consume energy. Suihua, Heilongjiang province. China’s CO2 emissions have increased dramatically since the 1990s. The International Energy Agency (IEA) reports that China emitted 9,876 Mt of CO2 in 2019—a 372 percent increase on 1990 emission levels. About 70 percent of China’s electricity was produced from non-renewable or nuclear fuels, with renewables producing 26 percent, and nuclear 4 percent.